LONDON, United Kingdom – The crash in world oil prices Monday, March 9, risks severely damaging revenues for crude producing countries and companies across the globe, while benefitting consumers through lower heating and motor fuel bills.
Oil markets nosedived as much as 30% after top exporter Saudi Arabia slashed its prices and raised output to preserve market share in the face of Russia opposition.
At a meeting last week of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), cartel kingpin Saudi Arabia pushed to combat a coronavirus-fueled slump in crude demand – but non-member Russia refused.
"The rationale must surely be that in sending [world] oil prices to their lowest levels since 2016...the action might prompt the Russians back to the table," said CMC Markets analyst Michael Hewson.
"This seems a high-stakes gamble," Hewson added, noting that Riyadh may struggle to balance its budget faced with sustained low oil prices.
Despite Saudi's move seen as sidelining Russia, analysts said its close competitor still stood to gain.
"It is worthwhile to have a look at what [Russia] stands to lose and gain from the decision," said analyst Tamas Varga at broker PVM Associates.
"The biggest winners...are domestic [Russian] oil companies who have long argued that output restrictions limit their abilities to develop new oil fields.
"Russia will also take heart from the fact that the dive in oil prices will likely put US shale companies in an almost impossible and difficult financial positions – [some] of them are likely to go bankrupt."
The poorer members of OPEC, notably Venezuela, are expected to face the most economic pain from sliding revenues.
Monday's slump in oil prices battered share prices of energy majors worldwide, likely to result in diving profits down the line for the likes of BP, Shell, Total, and ExxonMobil.
At the same time, companies in general will benefit from lower energy costs, notably airlines which are in turmoil over canceled flights because of coronavirus.
One of airlines' major costs is jet fuel or kerosene, which is refined from crude oil.
While deflation, or falling prices, benefits consumers in the short run, if they begin delaying purchases in the hope of goods and services becoming even cheaper, it harms companies' revenues and profits and can lead them to cut employment, thus making consumers insecure about employment and likely to hold back spending further. – Rappler.com