WASHINGTON, USA – The United States trade deficit fell by the most in 8 months in September as imports of autos, mobile phones, and other electronics retreated after the pre-tariff surge in August, according to government data Tuesday, November 5.
The US trade gap, the shortfall between what Americans buy from abroad and what they sell in foreign markets, fell 4.7% to $52.5 billion, which matched economists' expectations but was the biggest tumble since January.
US President Donald Trump in September piled even more tariffs on China, jacking up duties on more than $100 billion in Chinese goods, likely prompting a surge in buying in the previous month to lock in lower prices – which widened the trade gap in August.
Recent media reports indicate US and Chinese officials are considering a rollback of some tariffs as they work to finalize a partial deal to end the trade war Trump began last year.
US exports fell 0.9% in September to $206 billion as international sales of soybeans, passenger cars, and trucks together fell $2.5 billion.
This was slightly offset by higher exports of aircraft and aircraft engines.
Imports fell 1.7% to $258.4 billion, the report said. Ahead of the holiday shopping period, purchases of toys, games, artwork, and collectibles fell, as did foreign purchases of trucks, buses, semiconductors, autos, and parts.
American oil producers also notched their first petroleum trade surplus since current records began more than 40 years ago.
The narrowing deficit should support gross domestic product growth calculations for the July-September quarter.
However, in the year to date, the trade gap is up 5.4% from the first 9 months of 2018 to $481.3 billion.
In a continuation of recent trends in large part driven by Trump's trade war with Beijing, US imports from China declined further as purchases from Mexico surged again.
The deficit with China has dived 13.1% so far this year to $266.4 billion but the gap with Mexico over the same period has skyrocketed by 29.4%, underscoring the rebalancing of trade relations under Trump's trade offensive.
A strong US dollar likely also encouraged tourism, sending US imports of services to $49.9 billion, their highest level on record. – Rappler.com