After 4 years of demonizing human rights, President Rodrigo Duterte was now tapping its importance to justify government’s efforts against illegal drugs and terrorism.
The President during his 5th State of the Nation Address (SONA) on Monday, July 27, said that the existence of these crimes should constitute as violations against human rights.
This apparent change in tone comes amid increased backlash from the international community and mechanisms, such the United Nations, over the violent anti-illegal drug war and the dangerous anti-terror law.
“My administration believes that freedom from illegal drugs, terrorism, corruption, and criminality is itself a human right,” Duterte said.
“Rest assured that we will not dodge our obligation to fight for human rights,” he added, after highlighting his administration’s programs for children’s rights.
The President’s latest tone about human rights is a far cry from his rhetoric since being elected in 2016.
His public speeches and statements against human rights groups are far and wide, from sarcasm to direct harassment and threats.
The Commission on Human Rights, in a recent report, said that the President created a "dangerous fiction" against defenders and activists. (READ: Human rights: How to deal with Duterte, the biggest challenge?)
During his 2018 SONA, for example, Duterte pitted human rights against human lives. He called out advocates for being concerned over the thousands of people killed in the drug war instead of appreciating the efforts against drug proliferation in the country.
“Your concern is human rights, mine is human lives,” the President said.
The Duterte administration is facing intensified backlash not just from local groups but also international communities.
In the past year alone, there has been a step up among foreign governments and instruments to call for accountability for the human rights violations committed during the Duterte presidency.
In June, UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet released her comprehensive report which detailed human rights violations in the Philippines. (DOCUMENT: U.N. Human Rights report on killings, abuses in PH)
Bachelet's report also stated that the widespread killings and violence "suggest that his public comments may have incited violence and may have had the effect of encouraging, backing or even ordering human rights violations with impunity."
Malacañang, however, said it can't fully implement UN recommendations intended to improve the government's human rights record.
The Philippine situation is also the subject of a preliminary examination by the International Criminal Court's Office of the Prosecutor.
Jodesz Gavilan is a writer and researcher for Rappler and its investigative arm, Newsbreak. She covers human rights and also hosts the weekly podcast Newsbreak: Beyond the Stories. She joined Rappler in 2014 after obtaining her journalism degree from the University of the Philippines.