Dominant parties: LP, UNA to get more perks

MANILA, Philippines – The ruling Liberal Party (LP) and the opposition United Nationalist Alliance (UNA) will get more privileges compared to other political parties on election day, May 9, after the Commission on Elections (Comelec) declared them dominant in this year's elections. 

In a resolution promulgated Thursday, April 14, the Comelec said the LP is now the dominant majority party.

UNA, meanwhile, is the dominant minority party.

Under the law, the Comelec is supposed to "furnish the dominant majority party and dominant minority party with copies of the election returns and the certificates of canvass."

The dominant majority party and the dominant minority party, as well as major political parties, "shall be entitled to one official watcher in every polling place and canvassing center."

The Comelec determined the dominant majority party, the dominant minority party, and the major political parties by using a 5-point criteria:

The poll body used a grading system with "weighted average points" in assessing the parties.

Major political parties, too

While the LP and UNA have been identified as dominant parties, the following have been declared major political parties:

The following have also been listed as major local parties:

In the 2013 elections, the Comelec also declared the LP as dominant majority party and UNA as dominant minority party. –

Paterno R. Esmaquel II

Paterno R. Esmaquel II is a senior reporter leading Rappler’s coverage of religion and foreign affairs. He finished MA Journalism in Ateneo and MSc Asian Studies (Religions in Plural Societies) at RSIS, Singapore. For story ideas or feedback, email him at