MANILA, Philippines – More Filipino families considered themselves poor in 2018, according to the results of the 4th quarter 2018 Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey on self-rated poverty released Friday, January 11.
The survey, which was conducted December 16 to 19, 2018, said that the average self-poverty rate in 2018 was at 48%, or two percentage points higher than 2017's 46%. In 2016, only 44% of Filipino families think they are poor.
Despite the year-on-year increase, less Filipino households tagged themselves as poor in December 2018, when the self-poverty rate declined to 50% or an estimate of 11.6 million.
This is lower than the 52% or 12.2 million Filipino households that rated themselves as poor in the September 2018 survey. (READ: No poor Filipino by 2040: Can Duterte gov't set the stage?)
Photo from SWS
The decline came after an increase in self-rated poverty for two consecutive quarters: 6 percentage points (48%) in June, and 4 percentage points (52%) in September.
SWS said the decline in December was due to a "sharp decrease in Mindanao and a slight decrease in the Visayas, offset by increases in Metro Manila and Balance Luzon."
Less Filipino families living in Mindanao tagged themselves as poor, with a 16-point difference from 65% in September to 49% in December.
In the same period, self-rated poverty declined from 67% to 61% in Visayas, and increased in Balance Luzon from 47% to 51%, and in Metro Manila, from 26% to 30%.
The survey also found that at least 34% or 7.8 million families rated their food as "poor," lower than the September record of 36% or 8.5 million households.
The decline came after increases in the personal assessment of food poverty during the two previous quarters. Self-rated food poverty rose by 5 percentage points (34%) in March, and two percentage points (36%) in September.
The 2018 average of self-rated food poverty is 33% – similar to the 2017 figure.
Photo from SWS
The latest SWS survey was conducted among 1,440 adults: 360 each in Balance Luzon, Metro Manila, Visayas, and Mindanao. The survey has sampling error margins of ±2.6% for national percentages, ±5% for Balance Luzon, and ±6% each for Metro Manila, Visayas, and Mindanao. – Rappler.com