After 2 hearings, FOI bill now up for Senate debate

MANILA, Philippines – After only two hearings in one month, the Freedom of Information (FOI) bill covering all branches of government is now up for plenary debates in the Senate, bringing it a step closer to becoming a law.

The Senate committee on public information and mass media, headed by Senator Grace Poe, has submitted Committee Report No. 3 on Tuesday, October 18, on Senate Bill 1208 or the People’s Freedom of Information Act. The measure was consolidated from 14 bills filed by senators.

In her sponsorship speech on Tuesday, Poe cited the "billions of pesos" lost to corruption over the years that could have been stemmed through an FOI law.

"In the quarter-of-a-century during which this measure was in limbo, the scandals that rocked our nation had always involved infidelity in the custody of public funds....If there’s one costly lesson we have learned from our past, it is this: Secrecy corrupts, and absolute secrecy corrupts absolutely," she said.

In a statement, Poe expressed appreciation for the Duterte administration's "keen push" of the FOI bill "that would effectively make transparency, accountability and integrity as yardsticks in government performance."

“We remain confident that we will pass this FOI in the present Congress because our citizens cannot afford to wait any longer to fully exercise their constitutionally guaranteed right to access critical information,” she added.

Under the Senate bill, every Filipino has a right to be given access to any public information. This right, however, is not absolute as government is not allowed to release information that would compromise national security, defense, law enforcement operations, foreign relations, trade and economic secrets, and constitutional rights to privacy and safety.

The measure covers all branches of government – executive, legislative, and the judiciary. Violators would face imprisonment of one month to not more than 6 months, and a fine ranging from P10,000 ($207.63) to P100,000 ($2,076).

Those who would “willfully destroy or sell documents” requested under the law would pay a fine of at least P500,000 to P1 million and/or imprisonment of 5 to 15 years.

In previous Congresses, the Senate also swiftly approved the FOI bill, but it got stuck at the House of Representatives, whose members have historically pushed for the inclusion of the right of reply provision. At present, the House bill is still at the committee level. (READ: Who are against the FOI bill?)

President Rodrigo Duterte earlier signed an FOI executive order, but with a long list of exceptions. (READ: Draft FOI manual includes list of 166 exceptions)

It remains to be seen if the House filled with Duterte allies and supporters are keen to pass the measure that would allow public scrutiny of their engagements. (READ: Freedom of Information law: will it pass under Duterte?)

Mandatory release of information

SB 1208 mandates the disclosure of the Statements of Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth (SALNs) of top officials such as the President, Vice President, members of the Cabinet, members of both chambers of Congress, Supreme Court justices, members of constitutional commissions or offices, and officers of the Armed Forces of the Philippines with general or flag rank.

This is contrary to the EO's draft manual, which prohibits the disclosure of SALNs if the purpose is “contrary to morals or public policy” or for any commercial purposes other than by news and communications media “for dissemination to the general public.” (READ: Poe urges Palace to reconsider 'restrictive rules' in FOI order)

It also requires all government offices to upload on their regularly updated websites public documents and transactions.

The newly-established Department of Information and Communications Technology is tasked to monitor and support all government websites. The DICT should also set standards for file formats to be used by government agencies.

The documents required to be posted on government websites are the following:

The bill also seeks to mandate all government agencies to prepare FOI manuals to inform the public on procedures involved in getting the needed information.

Here is the full committee report:


US$1 = P48.14

Camille Elemia

Camille Elemia is a multimedia reporter focusing on media, technology, and disinformation.