Highlights of the House's draft federal constitution

MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – Charter change is alive at the House of Representatives.  

Resolution of Both Houses (RBH) No. 15, penned by no less than Speaker Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and 21 other legislators, is proposing the draft constitution that would shift the Philippines to a federal system of government. (READ: No set number of federal states under Arroyo's draft constitution)

This draft federal charter has been drawing flak for its provisions lifting term limits of legislators and removing Vice President Leni Robredo in the line of succession during the transition to federalism. 

Following criticism, Arroyo told Cebu City 1st District Representative Raul del Mar to make a motion at the plenary to recommit RBH 15 to the House committee on constitutional amendments, which has placed the Vice President back in the line of succession

RBH 15 was approved on 2nd reading on Tuesday, December 4. Constitutional amendments panel chairperson Vicente Veloso said the House is targeting to pass RBH 15 on 3rd and final reading by February or March 2019.

But it will be an uphill battle because senators already said the draft federal charter would be "dead on arrival" at the Senate.

Found below are the highlights House's draft federal constitution as compared with the 1987 ConstitutionThe proposed constitutional revisions would only be finalized after 3/4 of all members of the Senate and the House, “voting separately,” move to revise the 1987 Constitution:

Preamble

Article I – National Territory

Article II – Declaration of Principles and State Policies

Article III – Bill of Rights

Article IV – Bill of Duties

Article V – Citizenship

Article VI – Suffrage

Article VII – Political Parties

Article VIII – The Legislative Department

Article IX – Executive Department

Article X – The Judiciary

Article XI – Constitutional Commissions

Article XII – Local Governments and Federal States 

Article XIII – Accountability of Public Officers

Article XIV – National Economy and Patrimony

Article XV – General Provisions

Article XVI – Amendments or Revisions

Article XVII – Transitory Provisions

Read below the full copy of RBH No. 15:

– Rappler.com

Mara Cepeda

Mara Cepeda writes about politics and women’s rights for Rappler. She covers the House of Representatives and the Office of the Vice President. Got tips? Send her an email at mara.cepeda@rappler.com or shoot her a tweet @maracepeda.

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