MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – On the first two days of November, Filipinos in predominantly-Catholic Philippines are remembering their dearly departed by going to cemeteries and offering prayers, flowers, and candles.
November 1 is All Saints' Day or Undas in Filipino, and November 2 is All Souls' Day.
As their names suggest, All Saints' Day is meant to honor the saints, while All Souls' Day is observed to pray for the dead and for the repose of the souls in purgatory.
Traditionally, on these days, Filipinos pay their respects to their deceased relatives and loved ones. (READ: All Saints' Day: A mix of celebration and sadness)
But the Philippines is also home to other religions. Some faiths have practices similar to Undas, while others do not commemorate it at all.
Visiting graves of loved ones is "a commendable practice in Islam, although they do not have a fixed day to do it," said Dr Manuel Sapitula, sociologist of religion and associate professor at the University of the Philippines-Diliman.
He also said that Muslims have a practice of praying for the dead. Sapitula added that the Prophet Muhammad, during his life, "visited graves and prayed for the dead."
Among Filipino Muslims, some Moros in Mindanao "have a more elaborate way of commemorating dead family [members] and relatives, but there is no uniform practice done by all," continued Sapitula.
Generally, Protestants observe All Saints' Day. But the practices in churches vary. For instance, some observe the Filipino tradition of visiting graves, while some churches remember and read the names of the congregation members who had died in the past year.
Iglesia ni Cristo
The INC does not observe All Saints' Day nor All Souls' Day, because for them, these are not supported by Bible teachings. (READ: Faith in action: The practices of Iglesia ni Cristo)
Iglesia followers say that according to the Bible, "the dead know nothing" already and will not benefit from prayers or offerings made by the living. The Iglesia likewise does not believe in purgatory.
Michael Bueza is a researcher and data curator under Rappler's Research Team. He works on data about elections, governance, and the budget. He also follows the Philippine pro wrestling scene and the WWE. Michael is also part of the Laffler Talk podcast trio.