To address this, countries must make better pledges in reducing emissions. In 2018, there will be a pre-stocktake to assess how countries are doing with their pledges, and this will be their chance to update their commitments. The good thing about it is that countries cannot backslide with their pledges and can only submit better commitments from now on.
While this process will be 2 years from now, it is important to make ambition, action, and support required for a 1.5 pathway as key parameters of the 2018 pre-stocktake. Countries are also expected to prepare before 2018 and have their new targets ready by 2018 pre-stocktake.
4. Land rights
Another key topic to look at in this COP will be land rights. Climate scientists such as Bill Hare have presented climate models on how to get to 1.5 degrees, and it includes negative emission technology such as Bio-energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS). This has been controversial largely because of its implications on land.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) outlines scenarios requiring between 500 million and 6 billion hectares of land in order to implement this offsetting approach.
Human rights groups inside the negotiations have pointed out that this will mean finding land that will compete with food production and have called this a “false solution.”
While Paris was considered a success in finally creating an agreement among countries on how to solve the climate crisis, a lot still needs to be done. The Paris Agreement is only the start of a much bigger work that awaits every country.
COP 22 will be crucial in laying out a more concrete and detailed plan on how to implement what was agreed on in Paris. Now, the real work begins. – Rappler.com