KANO, Nigeria – The United States has sent military experts to Nigeria to help rescue hundreds of schoolgirls kidnapped by Boko Haram Islamists three weeks ago, amid growing global pressure over their fate.
US President Barack Obama made the announcement as it emerged that 11 more girls had been kidnapped late Sunday, May 4 – 3 more than originally thought – in the country's restive northeast. (READ: #BringBackOurGirls: World cries for help for young Nigerians)
Obama said the original abduction of more than 220 girls aged between 16 and 18 was "heartbreaking" and "outrageous," and urged global action against the extremists whose 5-year uprising has killed thousands.
The first group of girls were taken from their school in the Chibok area of northeastern Borno state on April 14.
Concerns have been mounting about their fate after Boko Haram chief Abubakar Shekau claimed responsibility, saying his group was holding the schoolgirls as "slaves" and threatening to "sell them in the market".
Speaking to US broadcaster ABC on Tuesday, May 6, Obama said: "It's a heartbreaking situation, outrageous situation."
"This may be the event that helps to mobilize the entire international community to finally do something against this horrendous organization that's perpetrated such a terrible crime," he added. (READ: Obama calls for united action against Boko Haram)
A second kidnapping targeted the Gwoza area of Borno on Sunday, when gunmen stormed the village of Warabe and went door-to-door looking for girls.
They seized eight girls aged between 12 and 15 from Warabe before moving to the nearby village of Wala, where they abducted three more, local government official Hamba Tada told Agence France-Presse Wednesday, May 7.
Details of the attack took two days to emerge from the remote, deeply impoverished area, where the mobile phone network often does not function.
US team deployed
The team sent to Nigeria consists of "military, law enforcement, and other agencies", Obama said, and will work to "identify where in fact these girls might be and provide them help".
He denounced Boko Haram as "one of the worst regional or local terrorist organizations".
US officials have voiced fears that the girls have already been smuggled into neighboring countries, such as Chad and Cameroon. The governments of both denied the girls were in their countries. (READ: US urged to act after threat to sell Nigerian schoolgirls)
Their fate has sparked global outrage, with the UN warning any attempt to sell them may constitute a crime against humanity.
Britain's Foreign Secretary William Hague this week condemned the kidnapping as "disgusting", and said London was offering "practical help", while French President Francois Hollande said his government would do all it could to assist the Nigerian authorities. (READ: France pledges help for Nigeria in hunt for kidnapped girls)
Some analysts said Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan's acceptance of US military assistance showed he had realized his administration cannot manage the Boko Haram uprising without help.
As well as mounting pressure over the kidnappings, Nigeria has been hit by a spate of bombings.
Just a few hours before the mass abduction, a blast ripped through a crowded bus station on the outskirts of Abuja, killing 75 people in the deadliest attack to hit the capital.
A copycat bombing at the same station killed 19 people on May 1.
Boko Haram, which says it wants to create a strict Islamic state in Nigeria's mainly Muslim north, also claimed responsibility for the April 14 blast in Abuja.
To contain the violence, Jonathan has imposed a state of emergency in Boko Haram's northeast stronghold where he sent thousands of troops to flush out the insurgents, but critics say the offensive has achieved almost nothing.
Efforts by prominent northern leader to negotiate a ceasefire have been publicly rejected by Shekau.
The president's response to the abductions has been widely criticized, including by the New York Times, which said in an editorial published Monday, May 5, he had been "shockingly slow and inept at addressing this monstrous crime".
World meeting opens
Jonathan had hoped that a World Economic Forum summit which opens in Abuja on Wednesday would highlight Nigeria's economic progress and underline its recent emergence as Africa's biggest economy.
But the summit – attended by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang who met Jonathan for bilateral talks on Wednesday, has been overshadowed by Boko Haram.
Amid the outrage over the kidnappings and the attack just a few kilometers from central Abuja, Nigeria has promised the World Economic Forum will be kept safe by the 6,000 troops deployed across the capital.
"That show of force may keep the delegates safe, but Nigeria's deeply troubled government cannot protect its people, attract investment and lead the country to its full potential if it cannot contain a virulent insurgency," the New York Times said. – Rappler.com