Donald Trump to be sworn in as U.S. president

WASHINGTON DC, USA – A new era begins Friday, January 20, as Donald Trump is sworn in as the 45th President of the United States, taking over the helm of the world's lone superpower as the whole world watches.

Shortly before midday Friday, Trump will place his hand on Abraham Lincoln's bible, recite the oath of office on the steps of the United States Capitol and become the most powerful man on earth.

The swearing in caps an improbable journey to the White House and beginning a 4-year term that promises to shake up Washington and the world.

When Trump descended the escalators of his glitzy New York tower in June 2015, his candidature was dismissed and even mocked.

In the primaries, he dominated a crowded Republican presidential field with bareknuckle rhetoric and star power. He rode that same wave of anti-elite sentiment to victory over Democrat Hillary Clinton in the November election.

At 70 years of age, he is the oldest man ever to begin work in the Oval Office.

But the real estate mogul and onetime television reality star is also a political neophyte – he will be the first president never to have held elected office, served in the government or the armed forces.

An estimated 800,000 people will gather on the National Mall in the center of the nation's capital to celebrate a man whose short 19-month political career has defied all predictions, and many norms. (READ: Schedule of events: Donald Trump's presidential inauguration)

Change is coming

The change in Washington – in many ways a company town – was already palpable late Thursday, January 19, when Trump bopped along to country music during a pre-inaugural concert at the foot of the Lincoln Memorial.

The music popular in America's heartland had replaced the strains of Beyonce and Bruce Springsteen that marked Barack Obama's two terms at the White House. 

For his critics, Trump's arrival in Washington on Thursday onboard an Air Force jet was more like a hostile takeover than a traditional changing of the guard.

Small demonstrations popped up across the city center declaring Trump illegitimate and much larger rally is planned for Saturday, January 21.

Trump enters office with a 37% approval rating, the lowest on record, according to a CBS News poll.

As Obama's White House staff cleaned out their desks and the normally busy corridors of the West Wing fell quiet, many staffers expressed relief at the prospect of rest, but foreboding about the road ahead.

That sentiment is echoed across many of the world's capitals. Trump has vowed to tear up Obama's policies and re-examine decades-old alliances with Europe and in Asia.

One of Obama's last acts in office was to speak to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and declare trans-Atlantic ties vital for world order – a statement that would have been a banal platitude before this rocky transition.

Still, Obama has one more part to play, hosting Trump and his wife Melania in the Blue Room of the White House for morning tea Friday.

The two presidents and their families will then travel the 2.5 miles (four kilometers) down Pennsylvania Avenue to the swearing-in ceremony at the Capitol.

Inaugural speech

After promising to "faithfully execute the office of president of the United States" and "preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States," Trump will deliver the most important speech of his life.

Inaugural addresses – from Lincoln to John F. Kennedy – echo across American history. Phrases like "malice towards none" and "ask not what your country can do for you" have been seared into the vernacular.

The most noted inaugural addresses had sought to lift Americans' gaze up from the rancor and troubles of the day toward the horizon and a better tomorrow.

Trump aides are promising an address that is at once short – at around 20 minutes – and philosophical. (READ: Trump pledges to unify U.S. on inauguration eve)

"It's going to be a very personal and sincere statement about his vision for the country," said incoming White House press secretary Sean Spicer.

"He will discuss what it means to be an American, the challenges that we face, as members of the middle class, that they face," he said.

"I think it's going to be less of an agenda and more of a philosophical document, a vision of where he sees the country, the proper role of government, the role of citizens."

After his speech, Trump will attend a luncheon inside the Capitol, before heading back to the White House to begin the business of governing. – Agence France-Presse / Rappler.com